How to copy formula in Google Sheets to entire column

Once ready, we’ll get started by utilizing real-world examples to show you how to apply formula to entire column in Google Sheets.

Apply Formula to Entire Column

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To apply the formula to the entire column, you can simply insert the formula as normal, then an autofill pop-up box will appear if you use a Mac. you will then press ‘command’ + ‘return’ at the same time to autofill.

The second way to apply the formula to the entire column is to insert the formula in the first cell, then select the entire column and press ‘command’ + ‘D’ at the same time.

The third way to apply the formula to the entire column is to click and drag the fill handle to copy the content of a cell to nearby cells (the small square in the bottom-right corner of the selected cell).

This can be tricky with larger spreadsheets, though, since you’ll have to wait for Excel to scroll to the bottom of your sheet while holding down the mouse button. There is, fortunately, another shortcut, which is to double-click the fill handle to instantly copy the contents of the selected cell downwards.


That’s all there is to it. You are welcome to copy the example spreadsheet below to see how it is done. The most crucial lesson is to enjoy yourself while doing it.

In this tutorial, I covered how to apply formula to entire column in Google Sheets. Want more? Check out all the Google Sheets Tutorials.

You can use Google Sheets for just about anything from household budgeting to managing a business. Sheets also makes short work of accounts, invoicing, and billing. One way it helps out is with formulas, and that’s the subject of today’s tutorial. This article shows you how to copy a formula down an entire column in Google Sheets to help you save time and frustration.

Help with Google Sheets Formulas

Formulas are the math behind the spreadsheet. Using particular expressions, you tell the sheet what to do with the data you enter into specific cells to generate the desired result. The task can be as simple as adding two cells to create a total and collating the averages over thousands of different cells. Regardless of the size and scope of the calculation, the core formula usually remains the same.

How To Use Formulas In Google Sheets

Formulas are relatively straightforward, even if you are not a math geek. Google Sheets uses logical expressions to deliver results depending on your entered criteria. You can see the formula in the actual cell containing said formula or within the formula bar (fx bar) at the top of the Google Sheet. Here’s how to enter a formula in Google sheets.

  1. Double click on the cell where you want your formula to appear, then type “=” without quotes followed by the formula.
  2. Press Enter to save the formula or click on another cell. The results will appear in the cell while the formula appears in the “fx” box above.

In the above image, cell D3’s formula appears in the “fx” box while the actual value appears in the cell. The example above adds cells B3 and C3, forming a sum. It is a simple formula, but it gives you an idea of how they work.

Formulas can become complex advanced statements capable of functions like sorting, highlighting specific cells based on specified criteria, combining various mathematics for specific cell combinations, and much more.

Copy a Formula Down an Entire Column in Google Sheets

To copy calculations down an entire column in Google Sheets, you have a few options, depending on the formula. You’ll understand that better when you get to option #3. The easiest method is to grab the fill handle and slide down to your last cell. However, longer sheets work best by simply double-clicking the handle. You can also use the top cell to initiate a formula replication process that flows down your entire column. Here are the details on all three options.

Option #1: Dragging The Top Cell to Replicate Formulas

  1. Highlight the first cell in your column that includes the formula, then select the fill handle (small blue box) in the cell’s bottom-right section. The cursor turns into a crosshair when positioned correctly.
  2. Drag the crosshair down to the last desired cell that will use the specified formula. Google Sheets will automatically populate the correct formula for each row.

The above process uses row #3’s formula [=SUM(B3+C3)] to autopopulate all other selected rows within the column [=SUM(B4+C4)], [=SUM(B5+C5)], etc.

Note: Option #1 will insert “0” in a row where no data is present. You’ll have to delete the contents of that cell if you want it blank.

Option #2: Double-Click the Top Cell to Replicate The Formula Down The Column

  1. Select the first cell in the column, including the formula, then hover over the fill handle in the bottom-right corner. DO NOT CLICK YET.
  2. Double-click the left mouse button while on the fill handle. This process will autogenerate the formula down to the last filled cell in the column.

Note: Option #2 will stop inserting formulas when it reaches a blank row down the column. Copy the first cell, paste it into the next filled cell of the column, and replicate the steps above.

Option #3: Use an Array Formula to Replicate Calculations Down The Column

The last method to duplicate a formula down a column in Google Sheets is to use the “ArrayFormula” function. Be sure to type the correct ranges into the formula.

Google ARRAYFORMULA Range Examples to Replicate Formulas in a Column

The above example uses the “addition” formula (B3+C3), but it adds a range, which goes down to cells B6 and C6. Google Sheets uses (B3+C3) and replicates it down the column (B4+C4), (B5+C5), and (B6+C6).

The above example calculates identical totals as the previous formula, except it replaces the “0” in cells with no characters so that it appears empty. The ISBLANK part ignores blank cells, and the characters inserted inside “” are what Google Sheets places into the empty cells, which get set as nothing.

Note: Option #3 will auto-populate the formula in each column cell based on your specified range. If any blank cells exist in the range, it will insert “0” in the cell unless you add the “ISBLANK” and “=0” formulas, as shown above.

All cells become undeletable unless you clear the array formula in the top cell and choose another method. If you try to add a number in a cell within the array, the formula cell will display “#REF!” and all cells below it become blank except the one you changed. Delete does nothing to the cells within the array.

Copying a Google Sheet to Apply New Formulas

One sheet can contain a lot of data, so here’s how to copy one to test out new formulas without worrying about messing something up.

  1. First, open the sheet you want to duplicate.
  2. Next, right-click and select “Duplicate.”
  3. A new sheet gets created using the same name as your file, except it adds “Copy of” in front of it.
  4. Use this sheet to test out new formulas on real-world data, etc. Make sure to have multiple copies of any critical data.

In closing, the methods used in Google Sheets to replicate formulas in a column are not that complicated, as long as you understand the formula strings/arguments used. No matter which option suits you best, test it out first on a small sheet, then copy it over. It is also best to run a second test on a genuine copy of your original sheet before officially implementing the formulas, mainly because you have a lot of data that could get changed for the worse.

How do I apply the same formula to an entire column in Google Sheets?

Type the formula you want to use into the top-most empty cell in the column. Hover your cursor over the bottom right of the cell until it changes to a "+" symbol. Click and drag the box down the column until you apply the formula in the empty cell to every cell you require for the calculation.

How do I apply a formula to an entire column in Google Sheets without dragging?

This worked for me:.
Input the formula in the first cell..
Press Enter ..
Click on the first cell and press Ctrl + Shift + down_arrow . This will select the last cell in the column used on the worksheet..
Ctrl + D . This will fill copy the formula in the remaining cells..

How do I copy a formula to an entire column?

Fill formulas into adjacent cells.
Select the cell with the formula and the adjacent cells you want to fill..
Click Home > Fill, and choose either Down, Right, Up, or Left. Keyboard shortcut: You can also press Ctrl+D to fill the formula down in a column, or Ctrl+R to fill the formula to the right in a row..

How do I autofill a formula down a column in Google Sheets?

Use autofill to complete a series In a column or row, enter text, numbers, or dates in at least two cells next to each other. Highlight the cells. You'll see a small blue box in the lower right corner. Drag the blue box any number of cells down or across.